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  there is,there are
 
T H E R E   I S   -    T H E R E   A R E
We use "There is - There are" to say that something or someone exists.
a)         We use "There is" with singular countable nouns and uncountable nouns.
***   There is a cat in the garden.
***   There is some milk in the glass.
 
b)         We use "There are" with plural nouns.
***   There are ten students in the classroom.
***   There are  some people in front of the building .
 
 
There is / are
 
Noun
 
Place (prepositional phrase)
 
Singular Countable Noun
 
There is
 
a book
 
on the table.
 
Mass Noun (Uncountable)
 
There is
 
soup
some soup
 
in the howl.
 
Plural Noun
 
There are
 
books
some books
 
on the shelf.
 
AFFIRMATIVE
 
NEGATIVE
 
 
 
There isn't / aren't
 
Noun
 
Place (prepositional phrase)
 
Singlar Countable Noun
 
There isn’t
 
a book
 
on the table.
 
Mass Noun (Uncountable)
 
There isn’t
 
any soup
 
in the howl.
 
Plural Noun
 
There aren ‘t
 
books
any hooks
 
on the shelf.
 
 
INTERROGATIVE
 
 
Is/Are there
 
Noun
 
Place (prepositional phrase)
 
Singular Countable Noun
 
Is there
(Isn't there)
 
a book
 
on the table ?
 
Mass noun (Uncountable)
 
Is there
(Isn't there)
 
any milk
 
in the fridge ?
 
Plural Noun
 
Are there
(Aren't there)
 
books
any hooks
 
on the. shelf ?
 
 
 
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