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  7. Past Continious Tense
 
7.Past Continious Tense ( geçmişte süreklilik ):
 
Yardımcı fiiller ( auxiliary verbs):          Olumlu cümlelerde;     was , were.
                                                                                         Olumsuzda;                   was not (wasn’t) 
                                                                                                                        were not (weren’t)
Fiillerin yapısı: ( verb structure):                    Bu zaman yapısında Fiiller yine birinci şekillerindedirler                                                                           ancak sonlarına -ing takısı alırlar:                                                                                                                                                   Sbj.   +   WAS / WERE +    V1 -ing
ü         I was watchingTV last night.    ( Dün akşam televizyon izliyordum.)
               They were going to Berlin.         ( Onlar Berlin’e gidiyorlar.)
 
üPast Continious Tense,Present Continious Tense’in geçmiş halidir.Çeviri yaparken Present C. Tense’de -YOR ekini,Past C. Tense’de ise –YORDU ekini kullanırız.Burada to be fiilinin -dili geçmiş yapısı olan WAS / WERE kelimelerini kullandığımız için çeviride de bu –di ekini koyarız:
 
                She       is       looking      at me.     (O bana bakıyor.)
                                          (-DU)            (-YOR)
            
 
                   She    was      looking      at me .     (O bana bakıyordu.)
 Is (to be ) fiilini V2 (Simple PAST / -di’li geçmiş ) zamanında yazarak , bir  geçmiş zaman ( -di ) takısı ekledik.
 
 
Zaman zarfları (adverbs):                    yesterday(dün), ....ago(...önce), the....before (geçen),
                                                                 last ...(geçen...)....vb...
 
Cümle Yapısı (structure ) :       
     
( + )
( - )
Sbj
(to be)2
V1 + ing
Sbj.
(to be)2
not
V1+ ing
I
was
writing
a letter
I
was
NOT
teaching
German
You
were
swimming
in the sea
You
were
buying
food
He
was
sleeping
in his bed
He
was
talking
with me
She
watching
T.V.
She
learning
English
It
coming
here.
It
coming
here
We
were
eating
dinner
We
were
checking
answers
You
drinking
coffee
You
doing
homework
They
sitting
in chair
They
listening
to radio
 
                                          ( ? )
(tobe)2
Subject
V1 + ing
?
Was
I
writing
a letter
Were
You
swimming
in the sea
Was
He
sleeping
in his bed
She
watching
T.V.
It
coming
here
Were
We
eating
dinner
You
drinking
coffee
They
sitting
in chair
She was going to her office.
                              (O , ofisine gidiyordu.)
I was not implying that!
                    ( Ben bunu ima etmiyordum.)
Were they watching the match on T.V. ?)
       (Onlar TV’deki maçı mı izliyorlar?)
Wasn’t they coming to our house?)
         (Onlar bizim eve gelmiyorlarmıydı?)
 (Onlar bizim eve gelmiyorlarmıy?)
 
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