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  phrasel verbs
 
P   H   R   A   S   A   L       V   E   R   B   S                      
act out:            to illustrate by acting.
***        The young players acted the story out in the best way.
attend to :        to take care of, to pay attention to.
***        I have a lot of important issues to attend to.
back.... out:     to drive a car / vehicle backward from a place.
***        The little boy backed the car out the garage.
beat up :          to give a thorough beating to.
***        Little Tom beat up my son this morning, I will talk to his mother about her son's behaviour.
blow up :         1) explode.
***        Lust year one of the volcanoes in our country blew up and it caused great panic.
                        2) to cause to explode, to destroy by explosion, to inflate.
***        We tried to blow up the tire but we weren't successful.
                        3) to explode with anger.
***        When we broke the Mrs. Green's glass, she blew up.
                        4) to make larger ( as in photography).
***        We blew up our photographs ten times, because they were too small.
break down :    1) to fail to function, to stop working properly.
***        We decided to give up the idea of a vacation because our car broke down.
                        2) to lose control of one's emotion and weep, lose one's composure or health.
***        After the death of her husband, Mrs. Cone broke down.
                        3) to analyse.
***        Mrs. Carnal wanted to break down the bill which was brought by the waiter.
break in :         I) to interrupt.
***        The floor manager broke in to say that there was a telephone call for our teacher.
                        2) to enter by force.
***        The thief broke in and stole some valuable things.
                        3) to tame.
***        Mr. Lange tried to break this horse in but he wasn't successful.
                        4) to train.
***        These are my students, I'll break them in.
                        5) to make something new more comfortable, to begin the initial operation of a machine.
***        I can't change the channel, this is a new music system and I'm breaking it in.
break into :      to enter suddenly & forcibly.
***        Someone broke into this farmer's field of corn and did much damage.
break out (of): to escape from.
***        Ten prisoners tried to break out of prison, but they weren't successful.
break up :        1) to smash into pieces.
***        The little girl broke up her toys.
                        2) to stop, separate into small groups.
***        The workers were fighting, but the police broke them up.
                        3) to finish a term at school or university.
***        The students have broken up for the summer holiday.
bring about:     to cause, to happen, to lead to.
***        The careless driver brought about this accident because he didn't stop at the red light.
 
bring back :     to introduce sth. again.
***        Mr. Davie wasn 't right in bringing back the cane as a punishment in school.
bring in : to produce, to yield , to introduce.
•^ The president plans to bring in a new law after the election.
bring out:        1) to publish.
***        They plan to bring this book out in the winter.
bring up :        1) to introduce, to present, to raise, to mention, bring into conversation.
***        While the manager was bringing up the new matter, all the workers listened to him carefully.
                        2) to raise or rear.
***        Mrs. Janet tried to bring up her children with love.
build up :         to make sth. strong, successful, create slowly, develop, cause to increase.
***        Mr. Saner built up a very successful business.
burn out:         1) to stop working (usually in reference to electrical equipment)
***        I realised that the light bulb had burned out.
                        2) to be completely exhausted.
***        She worked so hard that she was burned out.
call back :        1) to call again (on the phone).
***        Mr. Brown is not here now, you 'a better call him back in the afternoon.
                        2) to ask someone to return.
***        As the student was leaving the classroom, the teacher called him back.
call for :           to ask for, request.
***        The presidents of the two countries call for good relationships.
call up :           to call on the phone.
***        I called my teacher up yesterday.
carry on :         to continue.
***        You 'd better carry on working, otherwise the manager will get angry.
carry out:         to perform duties , to obey the rules.
***        First you read the instructions, and then carry them out.
check in :         to register at a hotel, airport.
***        After we had gone to the airport, we checked in immediately.
check out:        to pay the bill and leave.
***        After we had stayed the night, we checked out of the hotel.
check over :     to examine, to take another look at.
***        I wanted my teacher to check over my examination paper.
clean up :        to make someone clean or sth fairly thoroughly.
***        Please clean up your room before going out.
clear up :         1) to finish.
***        I have to clear up the subject before leaving the classroom.
                        2) to solve.
***        Call the police, they will clear up your problem.
close in :         to come nearer (especially darkness, enemies).
***        As the darkness was closing in, we decided to camp where we were.
come away :    to leave.
***        If you don't want to make me angry, come away now.
 
 
come back :     1) to return.
***        The little child wants his cat to come back home.
                        2) to become fashion again.
***        At last honesty seems to be coming back into fashion.
                        3) to start to happen again.
***        That shelter might fall down if the rain comes back.
                        4) to get a response to something that is said or done.
***        Mary's voice came back from the dark.
come in :         to enter.
***        I opened the door so my father could came in.
come on :        come with me.
***        Come on my dear, we 'II be late.
come up :        to be mentioned.
***        This point of view about the pollution came up at the meeting.
cut in :             to move suddenly in front of a driver.
***        You must never cut in when you 're driving in the city.
cut off:             1) to stop, interrupt.
***        When I was talking to my boyfriend, my call was cut off.
                        2) not to continue to supply water, electricity.
***        They have cut off our water supply because they are repairing the pipes.
cut up :            to cut into pieces.
***        This machine is for cutting the meat up.
dry off:             to become dry.
***        The plants dried of/because of the sun.
eat in / out: to eat at home / eat at a restaurant.
***        We decided to eat out yesterday evening.
eat up :            to eat completely.
***        Bruce ordered a delicious meal and he ate it up.
end up :           to arrive at a place, usually unexpectedly.
***        Our trip ended up in India.
figure on :        1) to expect.
***        Sue is figuring on thirty people being at her birthday party.
                        2) to intend.
***        Rita figures on writing some letters to her friends tonight.
figure out:       to interpret, solve, understand.
***        My teacher isn 't successful in figuring the problem out.
fill out:             to complete.
***        You have to fill out all those forms if you want to apply for this job.
find out:           to discover, to learn by investigation.
***        I asked many times, but I couldn 'tfind out what happened.
finish up :        to finish completely.(usually used for food)
***        My mother told me to finish up my dinner.
fix up :             1) to decorate, renovate.
***        We fry to fix up our old house, hut it costs a lot.
                        2) to make something okay.
***        Mrs. Swell fixed all problems up with the police.
get along /on (with): to have a friendly relationship with.
***        Paula can get along with everybody in her class.
get at:              1) to reach, to arrive at.
***        Although Ursula is very tall, she can't get at the shelf.
                        2) to suggest, to imply.
***        I can't remember what George got at.
get away :        to escape, be free, to leave.
***        I'm too tired. I want to get away from the office.
get away with : to perform some illegal or wrong act without being punished or even being caught.
***        The old man got away with murder.
get back :         to return.
***        I don't know when Andrew gets back.
get in ;             1) to enter
***        Kevin, please get in the bus!
                        2) to receive as a result of collecting.
***        Our boss got in some information about these tax laws.
                        3) to buy the supplies when shopping.
***        We must remember to get some more coffee in.
                        4) to be elected (political party).
***        They got in by more than 20,000 votes.
get into :          1) to enter (a car... etc), start, to became engaged in.
***        Henry &Harvey got into their new car and drove away.
                        2) to start getting interested in something.
***        I got into astrology in these days.
get off:            1) to descend from, dismount a horse, to leave (conveyance).
***        Ken got off his bike and went into his house.
                        2) to receive no punishment.
***        Although James committed a lot of crimes, he got off, no one knew the reason.
get rid of:         to eliminate or exterminate.
***        I wanted to get rid of all those problems, and to have a holiday.
get up :            1) to organise, to arrange.
***        My school is getting up a trip to London in June.
                        2) to rise from bed, arise, rise to one's feet from sitting or lying situation, cause to arise.
***        I usually get up at nine o 'clock.
give back :       to return.
***        This is my book, please give it back to me.
give up :          1) to stop (a bad habit), abandon, reject, relinquish.
***        I gave up smoking.
                        2) to surrender, to abandon.
***        The thief gave himself up to the police.
                        3) to admit defeat.
***        They promised themselves not to give up.
go in :              to enter.
***        James went in Ins house and looked at his dog.
go into :           to examine, to consider, to discuss (in detail).
***        I'm reading a book which goes into the life of Sliakespeare in detail.
go on (with):    to continue, to happen.
***        Our teacher wanted us to go on in spite of all difficulties.
go out (with):  to go on a date.
***        They went out for a long time, but they separated for a silly reason.
go out:                        1) to stop shining, to stop burning.
***        We were cold because the fire had gone out.
                        2) to leave temporarily.
***        The teacher became so angry that she went out in the middle of the lesson.
go through:     to use completely, to spend , to waste.
***        Bruce went through the money that his mother had given him.
go up :             to increase (of prices).
***        Due to the financial problems, the prices went up again.
grow up :         to mature, become an adult.
***        He wants to be a doctor when he grows up.
hand out:         to distribute, to give out.
***        Your duty is to hand out these papers.
have on :        to be wearing.
***        I will have on a beautiful ring at this party.
hear out:          to listen to until the end.
***        Our manager wanted us to hear him out before we made a decision.
hold in :           1) to keep in check, curb, restrain.
***        Mr. Coney held in the horse with the reins.
                        2) to control or hide (one's impulses or feelings).
***        Mrs. Goldman always holds in her anger. She never blows up.
hold on :          1) to wait, to pause.
***        Can you hold on a minute? Mrs. Grant is talking to a customer.
                        2)to grasp.
***        My mother wanted me to hold on to my brother's hand while crossing the street.
hold up :          1) to rob (often with a gun or other weapon).
***        The thieves held up the shop last week.
                        2) bring, point attention to, show, exhibit.
***        Agatha was held up as an example in the office.
                        3) to delay.
***        The rainy weather held my concert up for two hours.
keep down :     to control.
***        Can you tell me the way to keep ants down ?
keep on :         to continue.
***        You must keep on studying hard.
knock out:       to make weak and helpless.
***        The boxer knocked his rival out.
leave off:          to stop doing something.
***        I wanted my sister to leave off crying.
leave out:         to omit.
***        In the hotel, they left out room number 13 as no one wants to stay in it.
let in :              to allow to enter.
***        Don't let in people whom you 've never seen before.
let out:             to allow to leave.
***        When he saw the dog in the house, he opened the door and let the dog out.
let someone off:          to give little or no punishment to.
***        The teacher let me off with a warning.
lock up a person or a thing :   to put in a locked place.
***        The thieves were locked up during the trial.
look after :       to take care of.
***        I've been looking after my sister since she was born.
look for:           to try to find.
***        I lost my key. I'm looking for it.
look forward to :          to anticipate happily.
***        I look forward to meeting you again.
look out:          to be careful.
***        Look out! A car is coming toward(s) us very fast.
make up ;        1) to invent.
***        The teacher wanted us to make up conversations using the tenses we've learnt.
                        2) to decide.
***        You must make your mind up whether you want to get this job or not.
make up : to form.
***        There can be many different groups which make up a society.
mix up :           1) to confuse.
***        His proposal only mixed me up.
                        2) to blend.
***        Before adding salt, you must mix up milk and eggs.
pay back :        to return money.
***        I need money, so you must pay the money back in two days.
pick out:          to select, choose.
***        The teacher always picks the hardworking students out for important jobs.
pick up :          to lift, to take into one's hand.
***        She picked up the coins, and gave them to the old man.
point out:         to show.
***        If Jack hadn 't pointed out the way, we wouldn't have arrived at the meeting on time.
pull down :      to demolish.
***        The old buildings were pulled down,
put by :            to save, not spend.(=put aside)
***        You must put by some money for your future.                               .
put off:             to delay, postpone doing something.
***        The meeting was put off until the end of this month.
put on :            1) to wear.
***        Don't forget to put your coat on.
                        2) to provide.
***        They are putting on a special plane service.
                        3) to cause sth. to work by pressing a switch or turning a knob.
***        Shall we put the radic.'.or on ?
                        4) to place something on something.
***        I put the book on the table
ring up :          to call.
***        She rang me up early in the morning to say that she was very ill.
run after :         to follow.
***        The police ran after the thief for two hours and finally caught him.
run into :         to meet by chance.
***        Yesterday, I ran into my old friend in the park.
run out of :      to use up.
***        We ran out of food in two hours.
see about:        to take care of, to attend to, see to.
***        My mother wakes up early to see about my little sister.
see off:            1) to say goodbye upon someone's departure.
***        My parents saw me off at the bus station while I was leaving for Istanbul.
                        2) to chase away.
***        The dog saw off the cat.
sell off:                        to sell all of.
***        I sold off all my jewels in order to have enough money to buy a car.
sell out:           to sell completely.
***        When I went to the boutique, I saw that everything had been sold out.
send for :         to ask someone to come or to bring.
***        The patient sent for the nurse.
send out:         to post.
***        We've sent out all the invitations for our party.
set about:        1) to start to do something.
***        You must set about cleaning your room.
                        2) to deal with, to do.
***        He always sets about his job very eagerly.
set off:             to start a journey.
***        We set offearlv in the morning in order to arrive at the hotel before it got dark.
setup :             1) to form.
***        We decided to set up a group for our activity.
                        2) to start.
***        Tills machine will set up our production.
set up :            to establish, to arrange.
***        I set up everything before the party started.
speak of:          to mention.
***        She never speaks of her husband's salary.
stand out:        to be noticeable, to be clearly seen.
***        He is such a tall boy that he stands out easily in a crowd.
start out:          to begin.
***        We 'd better start out on our journey.
stay up :          not to go bed, to be late.
***        I said to my mother that I wanted to stay up.
switch off:        to turn off.
***        Switch off the lights and lock the door before going to bed.
switch on :       to turn on.
***        Please switch on the lights. I can't see.
take back :       1) to return.
***        Take these books back to the library on Tuesday.
                        2) to regain something.
***        I took back my cassette in the end.
                        3) to retract a statement.
***        I know that m speech has Inirt you, but now I'm taking it back.
to take care of : to protect.
***        I've been taking care of mv sister since my mother went to Istanbul.
take down :      to write.
***        Don't forget to take the messages down while I'm away.
take off:           1) to remove.
***        Please take off your shoes before you enter.
                        2) to have free time off.
***        I took a week of f for a holiday in <^e"me.
                        3) to rise up in flight.
***        The plane won't take off until all the passengers come.
                        4) to deduct, to subtract from.
***        He decided to take off a few dollars from the prices.
                        5) to imitate, to mimic.
***        The comedian took off the Prime Minister.
take on :          1) to start to compete against, to face as an opponent.
***        Our teacher will take on an English professor in a competition.
                        2) to assume responsibility.
***        He has taken too much on in the business.
                        3) to hire, to employ.
***        The company took twenty new workers on.
                        4) to begin to have a particular appearance; to assume.
***        When he goes to parties, he always takes on the air of a cultured man.
take out:          1) to remove, to leave out.
***        I took out some of the sentences when I reviewed my composition.
                        2) to escort.
***        My boyfriend will take me out tomorrow night.
take over :        to take control of.
***        /'// take over our business when my father retires.
test out:           to try.
***        Don't forget to test the car out before buying it.
think up :         to invent, to discover.
***        Whenever he comes late to work, he always thinks up many different excuses.
to tear up :       to tear into pieces.
***        When he got angry, he tore up all the papers in front of him.
try on :             to put a dress on to see whether it fits or not.
***        I tried on the jeans, but they didn't fit me.
try out:                        to test.
***        Whatever you buy, you must try It out before buying it.
 
 
turn in :           1) to go to bed,
***        She always turns in late in the evening.
                        2) to give, to hand.
***        Please, turn in the application form to the secretary after you fill it.
                        3) to betray.
***        When I realised that he was a terrorist, I turned him in the police.
turn off:           1) to stop something from working.
***        Don't forget to turn the lights off before going to bed.
                        2) to cause to dislike.
***        She is such a fractious woman that she has turned everybody off.
turn on :          1) to start working, running.
***        It's very dark in here, let's turn on the lights.
                        2) to become unfriendly.
***        We were very good friends, but Jack turned on me suddenly.
turn out:          1) to end, to result.
***        Do you think that your examination will turn out well ?
                        2) to produce.
***        The factory turns out many different machines.
                        3) to extinguish.
***        I ordered the students to turn out the lights, and leave the classroom.
                        4) to expel.
***        My friend was turned, out of the school, because he had cheated in the exam.
wait on :          to serve.
***        We always prefer eating in this restaurant because the waiters wait on us politely.
wake up :         1) to awake.
***        I always wake up early in the morning.
                        2) to awaken.
***        The postman rang the bell, and woke me up.
walk out on :    to desert, to leave.
***        He walked out on me.
warm up :        1) to make warm again.
***        Before I ate the meal, I had warmed it up.
                        2) to practice , to exercise.
***        Before we begin the lesson, let's warm up a little.
wear out:         to use something until it become useless.
***        I'm going to buy a new raincoat, because my old one was completely worn out.
write down :     to put in writing.
***        Don't forget to write down your address on the application form.
write off:          to think that something is useless, to accept as a loss.
***        The car was badly damaged in the accident, it's written off.
yell out:           to shout sharply.
***        Don't yell out ! I hear you.
 
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