LEARN, SPEAK, STUDY ENGLISH
   
  englishjessica
  modal
 
A) Fill in the blanks with a form of "must" or "have to" depending on context.
1. You must pay attention. You're not listening.
2. Karen..................... exchange some money at bank.
3. They..................... leave now, or they'll never arrive in time.
4. To find the hotel, you....................... go north for two miles.
5. Jack................... turn on his lights. It is dark outside.
 
B) Rewrite the following sentences using "may" or "might".
1. Agatha will write another novel later.
Agatha may/might write another novel later.
1. The rental agency will reserve Joey a car.
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3. The Robertsons will visit San Diego Zoo.
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4. You will get a letter tomorrow.
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5. Oscar will get an academy award this year.
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C) Read each situation and state an assumption.
1. I'm failing my calculus class, (might)
You might be lazy or you might not be studying well.
2. Jonathan is going to fly first class when he goes to Texas, (must)
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3. I've been calling Emir all day, but no one answers, (have to)
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4. Lynn doesn't want to go to the lecture this evening, (can)
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5. Jim usually finishes work at five o'clock. It is five now. (might)
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6. We know that Celine never seems to study English very hard, but she does well in her English classes, (must)
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7. The weather is going to be beautiful tomorrow, (may)
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8. The mayor's health is failing, (have got to)
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9.1 need help to prepare my paper, and Alex is an expert on this subject, (can)
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10. There are black clouds in the sky. (may)
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Put the words in an order to make meaningful sentences.
1. Alien / be / at / station / waiting / the / for / may / now / us
Alien may be waiting at the station for us now.
2. not / story / your / believe / your / might / mother
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3. be / the / for / bus / can / Ali / waiting / still
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4. must / reference / into / not / room / the / candidates / bring / books / examinations
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5. back / can / from / today / Ankara / Pinar / come
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D) Use either "may, may be" or "may have" to complete the sentences.
1. The car stalled. It may have over heated.
2. I............................ call Betty to go out this evening.
3. He can't find his passport. He................................... lost it.
4. Mr Davis............................. late for his appointment.
5. Have you seen Jenny and Gloria ? No, but they................................... watching TV
 
F) Use either "should" or "had better" depending on the context.
1. Mr. Gary should fill out this form if he wants credit
2. You......................... fill up your car, or you'll run out of gas.
3. You......................... see this movie "The Fifth Element". It is terrific.
4. Veronica.......................... study more in order not to'fail.
5. If they want some more to drink, they.......................... ask.
 
G) Read the sentences and write "C" (certain), "P" (possible) for each one.
1. My boss is on holiday.                               ....C.......
2. Sam could be swimming right now.          ..............
3. Mr. Robbins borrowed my ladder.            ..............
4. Sarah might be in Paris.                             ..............
5. They have lost the game.                           ..............
 
H) Read each situation. Then fill in the blanks in the present or in the future using "must".
1. There are no students or teachers at the schools, and the shops are closed. The highways leading
out of town are extremely crowded.
(Today) This must be a special day.
2. I'm not sure exactly where Sally is right now. When I saw her an hour ago,
she was walking toward the bazaar.
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3. The doors and windows are all shut at the Blacks' house and the lights are all off.
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4. There is loud music and shouting coming form the apartment next door.
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5. Emily's eyes are watering, and her face is pale.
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I) Circle the correct clarification for each sentence.
1. You shouldn't have shouted at me.
a) You shouted at me.                                                                      b) You didn't shout at me.
2. Matt might have asked Jill to many him.
a) Matt and Jill are married now.                                          b) Matt didn't propose to Jill.
3. Anne ought not to have missed the class more than three days.
a) She couldn't do the exercises in the text.                         b) She did all the exercises in the text.
4.1 could have done my homework by now.
a) I did my homework very well.                                         b) It was a foolish action not to do my homework.
5. They should have knocked before they come in.
a) It was their duty to knock on the door, but they didn't. b) They knocked on the door.
6. You could have requested Mr Founts to play the piano for us.
a) You weren't sure about Mr Founts intention, but you requested him to play.
b) It was a good idea to request Mr Founts to play, but you didn't.
7. Greg might have waited for me a bit longer.
a) Greg was kind enough to wait for me.                             b) Greg's attitude was unkind.
8.1 ought to have studied chemistry more than I did.
a) I didn't study enough chemistry, so I failed.                    b) I passed my class.
9. We shouldn't have tried to leave the country without our passports.
a) The police caught us. We couldn't leave the country.      b) We are in another country now.
10. You ought not to have kept large sums of money in your pocket.
a) Your money is safe now.                                                  b) The thief stole your money.
 
J) Read the sentences below and rewrite them by using the modals in parentheses.
1. The president is coming to town today. The streets are still dirty,
(should) The streets should have been cleaned.
2. Amy made coffee in a new kind of machine. It tastes terrible.
(shouldn't).............................................................................................................
3. The maid didn 't polish the silver once a week. They lost their bright colour.
(ought to)..............................................................................................................
4. The children watch the Adults Programme on TV. It is very dangerous for their psychology.
(ought not to)........................................................................................................
5. There were two buttons missing on the dress. You didn't take it back to the shop.
(might)................................................................................................................
6. Don had a terrible quarrel with his wife. It was his fault. He didn't apologise to his wife.
(should)..............................................................................................................
7. We stayed HEre all night long in this cold weather. It was foolish of us
(shouldn't).........................................................................................................
8. They couldn't tell us the truth. We criticised their behaviour.
(could).............................................................................................................
9. Henry didn't warn us about the traffic. It took us too much time to cross the bridge.
(might)...........................................................................................................
10. You ate chocolate, potatoes and bread, and you put on weight again !
(shouldn't)......................................................................................................
 
K) Rewrite these sentences with "used to".
1. Women wore long skirts and men had long hair.
Women used to wear long skirts and men used to have long hair.
2. We didn't drink coffee for breakfast.
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3. People didn't take the metro to work.
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4. People had large families.
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5. There were a lot of forests in the world.
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L) Complete the following sentences by using the expressions "used to", "be used to" or "get used to".
1. Dick used to have a bike, but he sold it.
2. Teenagers ........................ wear wom-and-tom jeans.
3. We........................ live in thetown.(-)
4. Mr. and Mrs. Thorn have a new baby. They................................ getting up in the middle of the night
5.1............................... opera. (-)(negative meaning)
6. She hated spinach, but now she ......................................eating it.
7. There ............................... be so much crime in Istanbul.
8. Jackie hasn't.................................... her new computer yet.
9. My father.............................. driving his new car.
10. It took a long time to.................................. flying.
 
M) Answer these questions about yourself.
1. What did you use to do in your spare time ?                    _________________________________________
2. Which song did you use to listen to most ?                      _________________________________________
3. Which soap opera did you use to watch everyday ?        _________________________________________
4. What did you use to play in your childhood ?                 _________________________________________           
5. What did you use to be afraid of ?                                               _________________________________________
6. Which games did you use to play ?                                  _________________________________________
 
N) Answer the following questions. Use "be used to + noun / Verb + ing".
1. Can you live in the North Pole ?                           ___I’m used to living in the North Pole _________
2. Do you like spicy food ?                                       _________________________________________
3. Do you go to the parties ?                                     _________________________________________
4. Do you love adventure movies ?                           _________________________________________
5. Do you chase beautiful girls / handsome boys ?   _________________________________________
 
O) Each pair of sentence shows a change in habitual activity. Rewrite them by using "used to".
1.1 hated college when I first arrived. Now I like it.
I used to hate college when I first arrived, but I don't any more.
2. Michael spent a lot when he was younger. Now he is good at saving money.
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3. Irene was afraid of dogs when she was a child. As an adult, she loves them.
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4. Mehmet travelled by train when he had little money. Now he travels by plane.
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5. The Raymonds frequently went to the cinema when they were newly married. They rarely go to a movie now.
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P) Answer the following questions by using "got used to" in the Present Perfect Tense.
1. Are you happy to be in Istanbul ? (the high cost of living)
No, I haven't got used to the high cost of living yet.
2. Do you like your new house ? (the stairs)
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3. How are you getting on with your new friend ? (her habits)
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4. How are you getting on with your new computer ? (the programmes)
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5. Do you like working in a hospital ? (the smell)
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Q) Complete the blanks with "used to / be used to / get used to".
When I was a teenager, I used to' live in a small town. Today I'm living in Washington D.C.
When I was living in the town, I ...............................2 get up early. Now, I'm retired and
.............................getting up late. I never .............................."think of having many children, but
now I have five children & fifteen grandchildren. When I was young, I.............................5 love last
minute plans. Now, I...................................6 staying at home and gardening. I remember that I
...............................7 write poems. I had a good eyesight and great imagination then, but now I
.......:.................................8 wearing glasses. Things are really different now. Today, I am celebrating
my sixtieth birthday and missing my old days...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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