LEARN, SPEAK, STUDY ENGLISH
   
  englishjessica
  gerunds
 
A) Rewrite the following, changing the to-infinitives into the gerunds as object.
1 . They continued to speak loudly.                                      They continued speaking loudly.
2 . He begins to work at eight o'clock.                                 ……………………………………………..
3 . She prefers to stay at home.                                             ……………………………………………..
4 . We started to take an English course.                              ……………………………………………..
5 . Young people like to dance.                                            ……………………………………………..
6 . An old man can't endure to work for a long time.           ……………………………………………..
7 . I dislike to smoke.                                                            ……………………………………………..
8 . She hates to watch horror films.                                      ……………………………………………..
9 . He dreads to go near a dog.                                             ……………………………………………..
10 . Most women love to have gold.                                    ……………………………………………..
 
 
B) Rewrite these sentences, changing the to-infinitives into the gerunds as subject.
1 . To play on the road is dangerous.                                    Playing on the road is dangerous.
2 . To gossip about people is a bad habit.                             ……………………………………………..
3 . To know a foreign language is very useful.                     ……………………………………………..
4 . To get along with others makes life bearable.                  ……………………………………………..
5 . To travel by plane is safer than other vehicles.                ……………………………………………..
6 . To be pessimistic makes a man unhappy.                         ……………………………………………..
7 . To obey the laws is necessary.                                         ……………………………………………..
8 . To encourage a person causes him to be more successful. …………………………………………
9 . To make children knowledgeable is the art of education. …………………………………………….
10.To be ready for a war is a way of keeping peace.            ……………………………………………..
 
 
C) Complete the following sentences, using the proper form of the verb in brackets.
1 . He is looking forward to ............................. (get) a letter from his son.
2 . I object to ............................. (pay) extra money.
3 . I prefer ............................. (die) to ............................. (give) it to the enemy.
4 . Is she fond of ............................. (swim)?
5 . No one can prevent me from ............................. (tell) the truth.
6 . They are interested in ............................. (play) football.
7 . Please go on ............................. (read).
8 . He is afraid of ............................. (go) out in the dark.
 
 
D) Make questions  using the words
1 . Travelling by cable car is exciting,
What is exciting ?
2 . Mary's hobby is playing the piano,
Whose ……………………………………………………………………………..
3 . There is no point in insisting on trying to persuade her to give up smoking,
What ……………………………………………………………………………….
4 . When I saw the dog, I could hardly stop crying,
When ………………………………………………………………………………
5 . Tony is looking forward to meeting his family,
(what)
6 . They are fond of swimming,
What ……………………………………………………………………………….
7 . Özgür is thinking of his family.
Who ……………………………………………………………………………….
8 . This museum is worth visiting,
What place …………………………………………………………………………
9 . Linda is used to walking to school,
What ……………………………………………………………………………….
10.The mechanic has been busy repairing that red car.
Which car ………………………………………………………………………….
 
E) Arrange these words to make meaningful sentences.
1 .        always / your / optimistic / being / is / in / favour.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
2 .        safe / drinking / we / half an hour / about / boil / to / for / make / for / it / milk.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
3 .        continue / dinner / they / after / their / will / homework / doing.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
4 .        Bill / with / much / playing / very / enjoys / dog / his.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
5 .        after / went / she / answering / telephone / on / ironing / the.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
6 .        doing / am / work / the /I/of/ day / tried / same / every.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
7 .        service / finished / Ban§ / did / university / he / had / his / military / before.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
F ) Complete the following sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets, using either a                                    gerund or an infinitive with or without to. (Mixed type).
1 . She wants ......................... a nurse, (be)
2 . I can't help ......................... (hiccup)
3 . The teacher told him ......................... (not make) a noise, but he kept on ......................... (talk)
4 . Do you mind ......................... (turn) down the radio?
5 . I will ask the barber ......................... (cut) my hair short.
6 . She admitted ......................... (sing) on the stage.
7 . That book is about ......................... (cook)
8 . She seemed ......................... (drive) slowly.
9 . She is fond of ......................... (dance).
10. It is easy for you ......................... (do) it.
11. You had better ......................... (learn) a foreign language.
12.They came ......................... (run)
13. It was a mistake ......................... (copy).
14. It is no use ......................... (frighten) a child.
15. We must keep on ......................... (work) until we finish it.
16. I don't know how ......................... (say) it in English.
17. The teacher suggested that he ......................... (attend) an English course.
18. He went to the doctor ......................... (be examined).
19. He gave up ......................... (take) lessons.
20. Children enjoy ......................... (play) in the sand.
 
G ) Rewrite the following sentences by using gerund construction.
1. Robert will start to work next week.                                            Robert will start working next week.
1. Stephen hates to listen to rock music.                                          …………………………………………..
3. They intend to go to Milan on the second of next month.           …………………………………………..
4. Teachers do not allow students to cheat during the exams.         …………………………………………..
5. Mr. Webb never ceased to criticize the politicians.                      …………………………………………..
 
H ) Answer the following questions. Give correct and complete answers,
1. What do you enjoy doing?                                               ………………………….……………………………..
2. What do you hate doing?                                      ………………………….……………………………..
3. Do you like playing chess?                                    ………………………….……………………………..
4. Do you like watching cartoons on TV?                ………………………….……………………………..
5. Where do you like spending your holiday?          ………………………….……………………………..
 
I ) Fill in the blanks with gerunds or infinitives.
1. Can I help you …......... (do) that job?
2. Tom forgot …......... (post) the letters.
3. I must remember .......... (call) him tomorrow.
4. Why does she always put off   …....... (go) to the dentist?
5. I'm tired of   .............. (study) history.
6. Finally Mary admitted ….......   (kill) her husband.
 
J ) Fill in the blanks using "-ing form" of the verbs in the box.
smoke       lose       have       hunt       live       listen       open       behave       give      take
1. She hates listening to the radio at nights.
2. I am accustomed to .............. in a small town.
3. I decided to go .............. with my friend at the weekend.
4. Would you mind .............. the window ? It is very hot.
5. We suggested .............. dinner in a Turkish restaurant.
6. What is the reason for .............. so foolishly ?
7. Jim is afraid of.............. his job.
8. He is looking forward to .............. her a present.
9. Don't leave home without.............. your umbrella.
10............... is bad for your health.
 
K) Complete the following sentences about yourself using "-ing form".
1. I can't help ...............................................................................................
2. I can't stand..............................................................................................
3. I am fond of..............................................................................................
4. I am looking forward to ..........................................................................
5. I'm busy ..................................................................................................
6. I am getting used to.................................................................................
7. I'd really like to go .................................................................................
8. I don't mind..............................................................................................
9. I practise.................................................................................................
10.I started .................................................................................................
 
L) Complete the sentences using "-ing form", as in the example.
1. Bill must do his homework. It is 7:00 pm. He must start.
    Bill must start doing his home work. It is 7:00 pm.
2. Jane writes novels. She is good at it.
……………………………………………………………………….. .
3. Don't buy any tickets for the film. We won't be able to go.
It is no use ........................................................................................... .
4. She laughs when she sees the ugly man. She can't control herself.
She can't help ..................................................................................... .
5. It was kind of you to help me with my homework. Thank you.
Thank you for ...................................................................................... .
6. Why don't we order the meal ?
How about............................................................................................ ?
7. She exercises during the day. She never stops.
She never stops .................................................................................... .
 
M) Choose the best one
1. He is a bus driver, so he is accustomed to driving in the busy cities.
a) drive           b) driving        c) drove          d) driven
            2. I'll never forget.............. Venice last holiday.
                        a) visiting       b) to visit         c) visit             d) visited
3. We were interested .............. a lot of money.
a) to earn        b) in earning    c) earning        d) earned
            4. I am looking forward .............. to Istanbul.
                        a) to go           b) for going       c) to going   d) go
5. We enjoyed .............. to Spain for the holidays.
a) going           b) to go           c) in going          d) go
            6. She avoided .............. the same mistakes again.
                        a) to make      b) my making    c) make     d) making
7. He dislikes.............. to spend so much money.
a) to have       b) having         c) to having     d) have
            8. We practised .............. English grammar exercises.
                        a) doing          b) to do             c) in doing   d) do
9. They began .............. English last year.
a) leam            b) to be learning   c) to learning d) learning
            10.While I was driving to the bus stop, I saw Bill.............. there.
                        a) wait         b) to wait         c) waiting    d) waited
 
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