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  8. to be
 
verb “to be”
 
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
 
I am                            I am not                      am I?                                                                                                            
you are                       you are not                 are you?        
                                                                      
he/she/it is                   he/she/it is not            is he/she/it?                                                                                                 
we are                        we are not                   are we?                                                                                                        
they are                      they are not                are they?                                                                                          
I am a doctor.            We are not ready.       Are you American?  
                                                                                                                            
                              

Put in am, are or is.
You .......are.......... late.
1          We ................. very well.
2          My sister................. a doctor.
3          John and Ann ................. in America.
4          I................. happy today.
5          I think you ................. tired.
6          Our house ................. very small.

 
In conversation and informal writing, we use contractions:
I'm a doctor.     You're late.     John's in London.     The shop's open.     We're ready.

 
Write these sentences with contractions.
Ann is ill. ......Ann’s ill...............................
1          We are all tired..............................................
2          They are here. ...............................................
3          I am sorry......................................................

4          My name is Peter…………………………..
5          You are early. ..............................................
6          The shop is closed…………………………
 
To make questions with be, we put the verb before the subject.

 
Make questions.
Bill / Scottish                                     ...Is Bill Scottish ?.....
1          Marie / from Paris                 ………………………………………..
2          We / very late                         ………………………………………..
3          John / in bed                                     ………………………………………..
4          The boss/in Japan                   ………………………………………..
5          His car / fast                           ………………………………………..
 

 
 
 
 
 
questıon words
who                what             when          where           why          how

 

Put in question words with are or is.
1.         ...............Who’s ....... that?' 'It's my brother.'
2.         ................................. Joe and Ann?' 'In London.'
3          ................................. your name?' 'Maria.'
4          ................................. my glasses?' 'Here.'
5          ................................. your English teacher?' 'Mrs Alien.'
6          ................................. you late?' 'My watch is broken.'
7          ................................. the exam?' 'On Tuesday.'
8          ................................. your mother?' 'Very well, thanks.'
 
 
To make negative sentences with be, we put not after am/are/is or 'm, 're, 's.
 
Write negative ends for the sentences.
 
1.         It's winter, but (cold) .................it isn’t cold............................................
2.         I'm Greek, but (from Athens) ..................................................................
3.         She's tired, but (ill) ..................................................................................
4.         They are in England, but (in London) .....................................................
5.         You're tall, but (too tall) ..........................................................................
6.         We are late, but (very late) ......................................................................
7.         It's summer, but (hot) ..............................................................................
8.         I'm a student, but (at university) .............................................................
 
 
We often use be with: hungry, thirsty, cold, hot, right, wrong, afraid, interested, what colour?, what size?And we use be with ages.
 
Make sentences using the given words above :
1.         I am very hungry .
2.         ………………………………………………………
3.         ………………………………………………………
4.         ………………………………………………………
5.         ………………………………………………………
6.         ………………………………………………………
7.         ………………………………………………………
8.         ………………………………………………………
9.         ………………………………………………………
10.       ………………………………………………………
11.       ………………………………………………………
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SIMPLE past TENSE
 
 
I was                                                   was I?                                    I was not        
you were                                            were/you?                               you were not  
he/she/it was                                       was he/she/it?                         he/she/it was not
we were                                             were we?                                we were not   
they were                                           were they?                              they were not
 
My mother was a singer                     Where were you yesterday?   I wasn't well last week.                      
 
Put in was or were.          
Ex : In summer 1990 I .........was........ in Brazil.
1 'We ................. very happy to see you yesterday.' 'And I................. happy to see you.'
2 Lunch ................. OK, but the vegetables................. not very good.
3 I can't find my keys. They ................. here this morning.
4 It................. cold and dark, and we ................. tired.
5 My grandmother ................. a doctor, and her three children ................. all doctors too.
6 '................. you in London yesterday?' 'No, I................. in Glasgow.'
7 'When ................. your exam?' 'It................. yesterday.'
 
 
Put the words in the correct order to make questions.
Ex : Ann at home yesterday was    
        Was Ann at home yestrerday? 
 
1.. good party was the 
 ............................................................................................
2.. people were the interesting 
 ............................................................................................
3.. teacher father your was a 
 ............................................................................................
4.. everybody was late  
.............................................................................................
5.. John's brother school was with at you  
.............................................................................................
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SIMPLE future TENSE
 
I / you / he / she / it / we / they                      will be

will                  I / you / he / she / it / we / they          be ?

I / you / he / she / it / we / they                      will not (won’t)   be

 
Look at the table and complete the text
Tomorrow ........it will be............... very hot in Cairo.                      
It ....................... hot in .......................
....................... warm in .......................
....................... cold in .......................
....................... very cold in .......................
 
Cairo        35°
Rio           30°
Paris        23°
London      3°
Moscow -1

Change these sentences to positive or negative
Ex : The bus will not be full.   ......The bus will be full........................
1 I'll be sorry.    ...................................................................................
2 It will not be hot.    ...........................................................................
3 We won't be at home.   .....................................................................
4 The shops will be closed.   ...............................................................
5 He'll be in Scotland.   .......................................................................
6 Ann will be at school.   .....................................................................
 
Make questions with will... be ...?
Ex : you/ at home/ this evening   ................Will you be at home this evening ? …….
1          when/ lunch/ ready   ...............................................................................................
2          when/ your father/ in England   ..............................................................................
3          Ann/ at the party/ with John   .................................................................................
4          everybody/ here/ at 8.00   ......................................................................................
5          the train/ late/ again   .............................................................................................
5          when/ Joe and Mary/ in the office   ........................................................................
6          the weather/ good/ tomorrow   ...............................................................................
7          where/ you/ on Tuesday   ........................................................................................
 
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