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  2. past perfect tense
 
PAST PERFECT TENSE
A)        Fill in the blanks with "the Past Perfect Tense"
1. My friend had gone (go) by the time I got her home.
2. The basketball match....................... (finish) by the time I arrived at the saloon.
3. The boss....................... (leave) the office before I arrived.
4. After the workers....................... (leave) the factory, another group of workers cleaned the factory.
5. When I got near my car, I realised that I....................... (lose) my keys.
6. The match was finished. Galatasaray.......................(win).
7. Mr. Scott hadn't got a car. He....................... (sell) his old car.
8. After Bob....................... (do) the experiment, he wrote a report on it.
9. Martha got to the station, but the train....................... (leave).
10. My grandmother became ill because she.......................(never be) on a plane before.
 
B)        Combine the sentences by using "when" and "Past Perfect Tense"  
e.g. The soldiers arrived. The lieutenant appeared.
When the soldiers had arrived, the lieutenant appeared.
1. The driver started the bus. I arrived.                                            ___________________________________
2. The secretary typed the letters. Mrs Parker left the office.          ___________________________________
3.1 got up. The postman came.                                                         ___________________________________
4. The old man returned to his flat. The burglars broke in his flat. ___________________________________
5. Hector left. Laura arrived.                                                            ___________________________________
6. Ken came out of the store. The policeman drove the car away.   ___________________________________
7. We started lunch. The telephone rang.                                         ___________________________________
8.1 opened the door. I saw a beggar at the door.                             ___________________________________
9. Carol's car broke down. She went to the repairman.                    ___________________________________
10. Sonia earned a lot of money. She went to Jamaica.                   ___________________________________
 
C)        Combine the sentences using the words in parenthesis.
1. I wrote a letter to my friend. My father posted it. (after)
After I had written a letter to my friend, my father posted it.
1. dark bought a pair of shoes. He tried on eight pairs of shoes, (before)
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3. Mana lost weight. She looked more beautiful, (after)
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4. Jeff graduated from university. He looked for a job. (after)
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5. The student made a presentation. He prepared a report, (before)
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6. Natalie moved to another flat. She bought furniture for her new flat. (before)
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7. They decided to take a taxi. They waited for the bus for a long time. (after)
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8. Alice practised her English. She went abroad, (before)
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9.1 walked for a long time. I went home to rest. (after)
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10. Kevin finished all the work. He went out for lunch, (before)
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D)        Ask and answer questions as in the example.
e.g. the children / open / all gifts.
Had the children opened all their gifts ?        /       Yes, they had.                 /           No, they hadn 't.
1. Judy's grandsons / eat / all the cake. 
..................................................................... ? (+)…………………………      /     (-) …………………………     
2. The guests / drink / red wine. 
..................................................................... ? (+)…………………………      /     (-)…………………………     
3. The workers / clean / the house. 
..................................................................... ? (+)…………………………      /     (-)…………………………     
 4. The students / write / articles. 
..................................................................... ? (+)…………………………      /     (-)…………………………     
5. The children / collected / the stamps.
..................................................................... ? (+)…………………………      /     (-)…………………………     
6. The mechanic / repair / my car. 
..................................................................... ? (+)…………………………      /     (-)…………………………     
7. The secretary / type / letters. 
..................................................................... ? (+)…………………………      /     (-)…………………………     
8. Rex / buy / some vegetables for the party. 
..................................................................... ? (+)…………………………      /     (-)…………………………     
9. Eric and Henry / go / school .
..................................................................... ? (+)…………………………      /     (-) …………………………     
10. Laura / watch / all programmes on TV. 
..................................................................... ? (+)…………………………      /      (-)…………………………     
 
 
E)        Combine the following sentences using "as soon as".
1. The bell rang. The students went out.
     As soon as the bell had rung, the students went out.
2. Richard came back from army. He decided to get married.
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3. Bob got to his office. He saw that someone had broken into his office.
____________________________________________________________________ .
4. Mr. and Mrs. Stone finished their meal. They left the restaurant.
____________________________________________________________________ .
5. The police arrived at the bank. The robbers escaped.
____________________________________________________________________ .
6. Loren had a shower. Then she went to bed.
____________________________________________________________________ .
7. Frank's girl friend came. They went to the cinema.
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8. Paul and Alice met at a meeting. They became close friends.
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9. The little child broke the glass. He escaped.
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10. The teacher entered the class. All students stopped talking.
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F)        Read two sentences that are given and circle the action that came first. Then write a sentence with the Past Perfect Tense and “because”.
e.g. George (J^j) his car's key. He couldn't go to his work.
George couldn 't go to his work because he had lost hh car key.
1. The little child spent al! lus money. He couldn't buy a candy.     ___________________________________
2.1 couldn't go to my home town. The bus went.                            ___________________________________
3. Eddie went to the police station. Someone stole his car,             ___________________________________
4. Molly felt ill. She ate an apple with a worm in it.                        ___________________________________
5. Elvis couldn't play tennis. He broke his arm.                               ___________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
G)        Combine two sentences to form a new one which contains the word "because". Use the
Past Perfect Tense in the new sentences.
1. Alfred prepared his suitcase. He decided to go to London.
Alfred prepared his suitcase because he had decided to go to London.
1. Judy studied hard all year. She passed the exams.           ___________________________________
3. George opened his umbrella. It started to rain.                ___________________________________
4. Diana went to her home town. She missed her family.    ___________________________________
5. Doris and Stan visiied their grandmother. She was ill.     ___________________________________
 
H)        Fill in the blanks using the Past Perfect Tense or the Simple Past Tense.        
Helencame (come) home. She.......................... (see) that there.......................... (be) nobody in the house. She ..........................(think) her family ..........................(go) to the party. She ..........................(want) have a bath to get ready for the party. She..........................(enter) the bathroom but the shampoo ..........................(finish). She ..........................(look for) the soap, but she ..........................(see) that there ..........................(be) no soap, either. So, she .......................... (take) shower without soap. She ..........................(look for)the dress that her
mother ..........................(iron). She ..........................(wear) the new ear rings that her brother .......................... (buy) for her birthday. She........................ (be) ready and.......................... (leave) the house. On the way, she.......................(realise) that she......................(not get) the keys. Returning home was going to be a problem.
 
I)         Put the words in order and write sentences using the Past Perfect Tense.
 
1. Loren / the newspaper / write / for / an article.    
Loren had written an article for the newspaper.
2. meet / Emily / her / the office / in / old friend.      ……………………………………………………….
3. the prison /' from / Biil / escape.                            ……………………………………………………….
4. horror / almost / finish / film.                                 ……………………………………………………….
5. me / some / Thomas / money / lend.                      ……………………………………………………….
6. gold medals / win / two / David.                           ……………………………………………………….
7. already / fly away / the bird / from / its nest.        ……………………………………………………….
8. run / Jeremy /in/a marathon.                                  ……………………………………………………….        
9. his wife / for / spend /'his birthday party /the money.      ……………………………………………….        
10. a helicopter / fly / want / Selena / in.                   ……………………………………………………….                                                                   
 
 
 
 
J)         Underline the correct verb tense.                                                                                                
1. This student (answered/had answered) all questions correctly because she (studied /hadstudied) very hard. 
2. Sally (came / had come) after she (worked / had worked) for five hours            .
3. My father (arrived / had arrived) late to lunch because he (had / had had) problems with his job.
4. This girl (lived / had lived) in my house before she ( moved / had moved ) to this flat.
5. My family (ate / had eaten) by the time I (got / had got) home.
6. After the guests (left / had left), I (went / had gone) to bed.
7. Sam (finished / had finished) his job quicker than his boss ( expected / had expected ).
8. The plane (left / had left) when they (arrived / had arrived) at the airport.
9. The shopkeeper (closed / had closed) his shop before I (went / had gone).
10. Simon (had / had had) his breakfast before his mother (came / had come).
 
K)        Fill in the blanks using the Simple Past Tense or the Past Perfect Tense.
1. Judy had finished (finish) the letters when the manager came (come).
2. The dentist..............................(leave) before I...............................(get) his surgery.
3. After she...............................(sweep) the floor, her naughty son walked in with his muddy boots.
4. When Michael.......................(get) home, he..........................(realise) that he .................. (lose) his keys.
5. When Daisy...............................(arrive) at the station, the train ...............................(leave).
6. When I........................(go) to the car park, I found that somebody ............................... (steal) my car.
7. By the time Ted.............................. (graduate) from university, he.............................. (leave) his home town.
8. After Julie ....................(decide) to give a birthday party, she..................... (invite) her friends to her house.
9. When 1...............................(telephone) James, he ...............................(go) out.
10. After Jeff..........................-...(buy) tickets, he...............................(go) to the cinema with his friends.
11. After the workers...............................(finish) their work, they...............................(go) home.
12. The patient...............................(die) when the nurse...............................(arrive).
13. The guardians ..............................(lock) the gates before the prisoners .............................. (get) there.
14. Before they...............................(take) their children to the theatre, they........................ (never/see) a play.
15. The secretary,...........(promise) to type the letter in an hour, but she still ............. (not/finish) by 10 o'clock.
 
L)        Use the Simple Past Tense or the Past Perfect Tense where appropriate.
1.1 wore ( wear) the dress that I had bought (buy) the day before.
2. Max...............................(marry) the girl that he...............................(meet) when he was at the university.
3. Sam.........................(cheat) in the examination just because he................... (write) some notes on his desk.
4. Before joining to the army, Simon...............................(visit) all his relatives.
5. Although we ...........................(not meet) before, we ............................(become) close friends.
6. The fight...............................(start) after we...............................(quarrel) about the subject.
7. We...............................(have) difficulty in opening the door; we ...............................(call) the locksmith.
8. By the time the judge........................... .(give) the decision, the accused woman ...............................(faint).
9. Stan...............................(be) abroad for almost two weeks when his baby.......................... (be/bom).
10. When Pete ..............(introduce) me his girl friend, Judy, I.............. (realise) that I...............(see) her before.
 
M)       Fill in the blanks using the Past Perfect Tense and the Simple Past Tense.
1. When I arrived (arrive), Timothy had just left (leave).
2. Berry ...............................(lose) her suitcase, so she had to borrow my slippers.
3. The little boy...............................(refuse) to go till he ...............................(see) his mother.
4. Angela ...............................(not, go) to bed until she ...............................(finish) her homework.
5. This poor man was put into prison because he ...............................(steal) some bread from a shop.
6. Before Garry ...............................(go) out, he ...............................(put) on his coat.
7. After Mrs. Taylor...............................(smoke) her cigarette, she .............................. (throw) it on the floor.
8. After the students...............................(answer) the questions, the teacher....................... (check) the answers.
9. Before Pat...............................(eat), he ...............................(wash) his hands.
 
N)        Combine two sentences with the word that is given in the brackets.
1. First Andrew washed his clothes. Then ironed them. (after)
After Andrew had washed his clothes', he ironed them.
2. First Malcolm bought a book as a present. Then he went to the birthday party, (as soon as)
________________________________________________________________________ .
3. First the old woman was ill for two months. Then she died. (before)
________________________________________________________________________ .
4. First they went to camp. Then they put up their tent. (after)
________________________________________________________________________ .
5. First Paul studied very hard. Then he passed the exam.(after)
________________________________________________________________________ .
6.1 asked the shy girl's name twice. Then she told me her name. (before)
________________________________________________________________________ .
7. First Patrick was very poor. Then he worked hard and became rich. (before)
________________________________________________________________________ .
8. First the baby drank some milk. Then it slept, (before)
________________________________________________________________________ .
9. First I washed the dirty dishes. Then I watched my favourite programme, (after)
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10. First Frank finished school. Then he married Caroline, (after)
________________________________________________________________________ .
 
O)        Answer the questions using the Past Perfect Tense.
      e.g. Did you listen to the radio ? Yes, but I phoned you first.
     After I had phoned you, I listened to the radio.
1. Did you eat your meal ?   Yes, but I returned from the market first.
________________________________________________________________________ .
2. Did you buy a new table for the dining room ? Yes, but I asked my mother first.
________________________________________________________________________ .
3. Did you go to bed ?      Yes, but I finished my work first.
________________________________________________________________________ .
4. Did you have a bath ?    Yes, but I bought some shampoo first.
________________________________________________________________________ .
5. Did you buy a new car ? Yes, but I sold the old one first.
________________________________________________________________________ .
6. Did you bring my book back?    Yes, but I got it from Martha first.
________________________________________________________________________ .
7. Did you make a cake ?   Yes, but I bought some sugar first.
________________________________________________________________________ .
8. Did you marry ?   Yes, but 1 finished school first.
________________________________________________________________________ .
9. Did you go to the cinema ? Yes, but 1 bought the tickets first.
________________________________________________________________________ .
10. Did you watch television ? Yes, but I did the shopping first.
________________________________________________________________________ .
 
P)        Give long answers to these questions using the words in brackets.
1. Had Dick completed his work before the boss came ? (not yet).
   Dick had not completed his work yet.
2. How many hours had Chris studied when his friend came ? (three hours).
________________________________________________________________________ .
3. How many years had he used this glass before he bought a new one ? (two years).
________________________________________________________________________ .
4. Had you answered all the questions in the exam when the teacher collected the papers ? (Yes).
________________________________________________________________________ .
5. How long had Jennifer taken a course before she became a computer programmer ? (two years).
________________________________________________________________________ .
 
 
 
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